In what nations around the world is abortion legal?

Tensions and thoughts are functioning large in the U.S. right after the leaked Supreme Courtroom draft feeling printed by Politico suggested that Roe v. Wade, the landmark 1973 ruling that recognized abortion legal rights nationwide, could be overturned this summer season.

Nevertheless, the U.S. is not alone in acquiring a heated discussion about abortion, and guidelines on the method vary in countries all around the environment. Irrespective of the legal guidelines bordering abortion, costs are similar in countries in which abortion is restricted and those where the treatment is mainly lawful, according to the Guttmacher Institute, which supports abortion legal rights. 

In this article are some crucial specifics on abortion legal guidelines in other countries, based mostly on info from the Heart for Reproductive Rights, the Guttmacher Institute, the World Overall health Firm and Reuters.

Countries and locations with strict limitations on abortion

Abortion is prohibited entirely in 24 nations. When people encounter obstacles to acquiring protected abortions, they frequently resort to unsafe treatments, in accordance to the WHO, and unsafe abortions are far more widespread in international locations with restrictive regulations.

El Salvador

Abortion is a crime in El Salvador, which has some of the world’s most restrictive regulations. They prohibit abortion even when being pregnant endangers a woman’s daily life or health and fitness or in instances of rape. The technique has been banned without the need of exception because 1998. Extra than 180 women of all ages who experienced obstetric emergencies had been prosecuted for abortion or aggravated murder in the last 20 decades. Women of all ages accused of owning had abortions have been convicted of murder, occasionally with prison phrases of up to 40 a long time, according to Human Legal rights Look at.


Women in Malta are denied entry to abortion solely, even if their life are at danger. It is the only European Union member condition that prohibits the treatment, and women of all ages who have an abortion experience up to three decades in jail.


Poland is a staunchly Catholic region and has some of the most restrictive regulations in Europe. The law modified in 2021 to make it illegal to terminate pregnancies with fetal problems, and it is now only achievable to get an abortion to preserve the lifetime of a woman, to maintain her health and fitness or in conditions of rape or incest. 

African countries

In Africa, although unintended pregnancies have decreased  by 15 per cent above the final 30 a long time, abortions have increased by 13 %, according to the Guttmacher Institute. Many African nations have restrictive legal guidelines on abortion, allowing the course of action only if a mother’s daily life is threatened, like in Nigeria, or in the cases of rape, incest or fetal flaws, as in Botswana and Zimbabwe.  

Nations that have just lately peaceful abortion constraints


Colombia’s greatest constitutional court ruled in February to legalize the treatment right up until the 24th week of pregnancy. 


Mexico’s Supreme Courtroom unanimously dominated in September to decriminalize abortion. The technique is permitted right up until up to the 12th week of pregnancy. In Mexico City, abortion was decriminalized in 2007.


Ireland voted in 2018 to take away an abortion ban from its constitution. Abortion is now permitted up to the 12th week of being pregnant, when the health and fitness or life of the mother is at hazard, or when the fetus has a congenital defect.


Argentinian lawmakers in late 2020 handed a monthly bill legalizing abortion right up until the 14th 7 days of being pregnant and right after that in specified circumstances.

Nations around the world with less limitations on abortion

In significantly of Europe, Canada and Australia, laws all around abortion are considerably identical to the U.S. in that there are few limits other than gestational boundaries. France, for case in point, has a gestational restrict of 16 months, Spain’s restrict is 14 months and Italy’s is 90 times.

In South Africa and Mozambique, abortion is permitted but minimal to the very first 12 weeks of pregnancy. 

If the legislation in the U.S. changes with a Supreme Court ruling this summer season, some states will possible change their restrictions on abortion. That implies some regions of the U.S. could wind up with much more restrictive legal guidelines on abortion than other formulated international locations, which includes neighboring Canada and Mexico.